Setting Up a Guinea Pig Cage

Have you recently decided to adopt a Guinea pig? These cute little furballs are lots of fun, and make great pets! Just like other pocket pets, Guinea pigs, or cavies, need a comfortable cage in order to stay happy and healthy. In this article, a Cameron Park, CA veterinarian discusses setting up a great Guinea pig cage.

Choose The Right Cage

Bigger is definitely better when it comes to cavy cages! For one Guinea pig, you’ll need at least 7.5 square feet, but get the largest cage you can. To make the most of your pet’s space, look for one that has a second story with a fenced ramp for access. Choose a cage with plenty of ventilation, such as a wire cage. Just be sure there is a solid floor, and that there are no sharp edges that could cut your furry pal.


You’ll need to add a proper substrate. Aspen is a good choice. You can also use fleece. Avoid substrates made of pine or cedar, as well as cat litter, as these are dangerous to small animals.


Just like us, Guinea pigs like having a quiet place to retreat to when they want some privacy. Make sure your little buddy has at least one hidey-hole. You can pick up a cute one at a pet store, or make your own by repurposing a cardboard box or a small plastic storage bin.


Your pet will need a food dish and water bottle. Fresh quality hay, such as Timothy hay, is great for cavies, so you may want to get a hayrack. One great thing about Guinea pigs is that they can be litter box trained, so add a small litter box as well. Cavies love to snuggle up, so consider getting your tiny furball a cozy, which is basically a little sleeping bag.


Since Guinea pigs have open-rooted teeth, they need to chew to keep their choppers in shape. Therefore, your furry pal will need lots of chew toys! You can buy your furball’s playthings, or make your own out of cardboard, paper, wood, wicker, or straw. Just be sure to choose safe materials that have not been painted, dyed, or varnished, and avoid toys with sharp edges or small parts.

Do you have questions about Guinea pig care? Contact us, your Cameron Park, CA, vet clinic anytime!

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